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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 60-63

Venous Air Embolism (VAE) during craniotomy of supratentorial meningioma in supine position

1 Anesthesiologist, Departement of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical Faculty, Udayana University – Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Indonesia
2 Anesthesiologist, Departement of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical Faculty, Padjadjaran University - Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia
3 Anesthesiologist, Departement of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical Faculty, Gadjah Mada University - Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
4 Anesthesiologist, Departement of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical Faculty, Sam Ratulangi University - Prof. RD Kandou Hospital, Manado, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Ida Bagus Krisna Jaya Sutawan
Departement of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Udayana University, Sanglah General Hospital, Jl. Kesehatan No 1, Denpasar-Bali
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i3.26

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Venous Air Embolism (VAE) is one of the most serious complications in neuroanesthesia case. The highest number of VAE incident is during neurosurgery procedure with sitting position, even tough VAE may occur during craniotomy of supratentorial tumor in the supine position. VAE occurs due to the pressure differential between open vein in the surgical field and right atrium. A 46 years old woman underwent craniotomy for supratentorial meningioma in the supine position. Intraoperative, the patient was experiencing a decrease in end-tidal CO2 pressure about 6 mmHg in 5 minutes. Therefore, management of acute VAE was proceed to the patient, such as informed the surgeon immediately, discontinued N2O and increased flow of O2, modified the anesthesia technique, asked the surgeon to irrigate the surgical field with fluids, gave compression on jugular vein, aspirated the right atrial catheter, prepared drugs to support the hemodynamic, and changed the patient's position if possible.

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