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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 122-124

Thyroid storm in pregnancy

Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. I Gusti Agung Gede Utara Hartawan
Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Jl. Kesehatan 1, Denpasar 80114, Bali
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/bjoa.bjoa_219_20

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Endocrine emergencies can occur during pregnancy and are associated with the thyroid gland and diabetes. Thyrotoxicosis is a hypermetabolic condition associated with an increase in thyroid hormone in the blood. The manifestations of thyrotoxicosis can range from those without symptoms to a life-threatening condition such as thyroid storm. The diagnosis of thyroid storm can be made based on a history of previous thyroid gland disorders; current signs and symptoms; and laboratory tests of thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxine, and triiodothyronine. The thyroid storm is a rare condition, but the mortality rate on these patients is high. Characteristics of thyroid storms are altered consciousness, hyperpyrexia, tachycardia, and gastrointestinal disturbances. Thyroid storm management focuses on the prevention of thyroid hormone synthesis and its conversion in the periphery, identification, and intervention of the thyroid storm causes and the management of systemic disorders that present during thyroid storm. We present a 24-year-old female who presented with a very high suspicion of thyroid storm based on her Burch and Wartofsky's score criteria had a total score with a very high suspicion of thyroid storm. While pregnancy itself can increase the risk of developing severe thyrotoxicosis, the main management is determined by the presence of emergency manifestations. Our concern was not only for the safety of the mother but also for the fetus. Some drugs need special attention because they cross the blood–placental barrier. Previous patient comorbidities should also receive attention in the management of thyroid storm. The patient was being treated in the intensive care unit and managed to move to a regular ward after 3 days.

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