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CASE REPORT
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 187-190

Severe hyponatremia and cerebral edema after laparoscopic salpingectomy, hysteroscopy myomectomy, and adenomyosis resection: A case report


Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Ciptomangunkusumo General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Andy Omega
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Ciptomangunkusumo General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/bjoa.bjoa_29_22

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The usage of hypotonic irrigation solution during hysteroscopy and laparoscopy can cause systemic fluid absorption and complications such as hyponatremia, fluid overload, and cerebral edema. Moreover, Trendelenburg position on gynecologic laparoscopy with a long duration can increase intracranial pressure and decrease cerebral perfusion pressure. A woman, 39 years old, suffered from severe hyponatremia and cerebral edema after hysteroscopy myomectomy, laparoscopic salpingectomy, adenomyosis resection, and adhesiolysis procedure. Water for injection was used as an irrigation solution during the procedure, totaling 20 L. The position of the procedure was supine, Trendelenburg, with a procedure duration of 4 h 50 min. A spontaneous respiratory trigger was not found for about 1 h during extubation. We found anisochoric pupil 5/4 mm without direct and indirect light reflex on physical examination. From the laboratory result, the sodium level was 118. Brain CT scan with contrast showed cerebral edema. Sodium correction was given using NaCl 3%, 500 mL/24 h IV drip. Sodium was corrected slowly and cautiously to prevent cerebral pontine myelinolysis. In the ICU, the sodium level was increased to a normal level. But, the light reflex was still absent, and the pupil was anisochoric. Brain MRI showed diffuse cerebral edema.


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